Fahad Afzal
5 min readSep 2, 2021

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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Learning Disorders in Children

· Understanding Learning Disorders:

Learning disorders are usually defined as brain’s capability of processing information and performing some actions also. Most children are struggled to do homework, tasks and job, are generally termed as Learning disorders. Even overall mental and physical health are not affected. Nevertheless, it’s a very common and unrevolutionized topic so for in current circumstances. Most of the child facing early problems in learning, reading, writing and math. Children having learning disorders may feel frustrated that they cannot master a subject despite trying hard, and may act out, act helpless, or withdraw.

· Types of Learning Disorders:

The most common and general mental disorder in children is Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), roughly 12% child suffering with this syndrome. Early symptoms of ADHD involve the child being easily distracted, forgetting daily activities, not paying attention, having trouble being quiet or sitting still, or problems waiting for their turn. ADHD is diagnosed by following three steps: inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type or combined type. This diagnosis is totally based on the symptoms that might be occurred over the past six months.

In particular, Psychiatrist should study these kinds of learning disorders:

1. Dyslexia-Dyslexia is a language processing disorder that impacts reading, writing, and comprehension.

2. Dysgraphia-Dysgraphia is a disorder in which children are struggling to convert their thoughts, ideas into writing.

3. Dyscalculia-Dyscalculia is enclosed learning disability that relates to mathematics and calculus.

Some other kinds of LD in children may psychological professional studies:

4. Language processing disorder-Language processing disorder is a subset of auditory processing disorder. According to Learning Disabilities Association of America “there is difficulty in attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences, stories and letters.”

5. Nonverbal learning disabilities

6. Auditory processing disorder- In auditory processing disorder (APD), Children face difficulties in processing of sounds. Individuals with APD may confuse the order of sounds or be unable to filter different sounds, like a teacher’s voice versus background noise. In APD, the brain misinterprets the information received and processed from the ear.

7. Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit- In visual motor deficit children might confuse with similar looking letters, have trouble navigating their surroundings, or demonstrate unusual eye activity when reading or completing any task.

· Causes of Learning Disorder:

Learning disabilities are caused by something affecting the development of the brain. Learning disorder may occur before birth (prenatally), during birth, or in early childhood. Learning disabilities caused by any one of a variety of combinations. Sometimes the specific cause is not known. According to Mental Health Organization of United Kingdom possible causes of LD may include the following:

  1. An inherited condition, meaning that certain genes passed from the parents affected the brain development, for example Fragile X.
  2. Chromosome abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome or Turner syndrome.
  3. Complications during birth resulting in a lack of oxygen to the brain.
  4. A very premature birth.
  5. Mother’s illness during pregnancy.
  6. The mother drinking during pregnancy, for example Foetal Alcohol Syndrome.
  7. A debilitating illness or injury in early childhood affecting brain development, for example a road traffic accident or child abuse.
  8. Contact with damaging material (like radiation).
  9. Neglect, and/or a lack of mental stimulation early in life.
  10. Some people with learning disabilities have additional physical disabilities and/or sensory impairments.
  11. Anxiety, Depression may also cause LD in children.

· Possible symptoms of Learning Disabilities in Children:

In the normal physiological development, the child is expected to acquire a certain set of basic cognition and motor skills. Any noteworthy delay in this development can be a sign of learning disability. A series of tests and assessments have to be done before diagnosing the condition of patient.

Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities include the following:

1. Problems reading and/or writing

2. Problems with math

3. Poor memory

4. Problems paying attention

5. Trouble following directions

6. Clumsiness

7. Trouble telling time

8. Problems staying organized

A child with a learning disability also may have one or more of the following symptoms, Signs:

1. Acting without really thinking about possible outcomes (impulsiveness)

2. “Acting out” in school or social situations

3. Difficulty staying focused; being easily distracted

4. Difficulty saying a word correctly out loud or expressing thoughts

5. Problems with school performance from week to week or day to day

6. Speaking like a younger child; using short, simple phrases; or leaving out words in sentences

7. Having a hard time listening

8. Problems dealing with changes in schedule or situations

9. Problems understanding words or concepts

· Learning Disorder Treatment:

Children with learning disorders often need extra help and instructions that are suitable for them. Children with any kind of learning disorder can qualify for special education services (SES) in school. Schools often do their own testing for learning disorders to determine if a child needs any help. An assessment by a healthcare professional’s is compulsory if there are other consternation about the child’s behavior or feelings. Parents, healthcare providers, and the school can work together to find the right referrals and treatment.

Other useful methods may include:

1. Individualized Education Program (IEP)

2. Mentally and Physical health of child

3. Healthy Habits of Child

4. Extra help. A reading specialist, math tutor or other trained professional can teach your child techniques to improve his or her academic, organizational and study skills.

5. Accommodations. Classroom accommodations might include more time to complete assignments or tests, being seated near the teacher to promote attention, use of computer applications that support writing, including fewer math problems in assignments, or providing audiobooks to supplement reading.

6. Therapy. Some children benefit from therapy. Occupational therapy might improve the motor skills of a child who has writing problems. A speech-language therapist can help address language skills.

7. Medication. Your child’s doctor might recommend medication to manage depression or severe anxiety. Medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may improve a child’s ability to concentrate in school.

8. Complementary and alternative medicine. Further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of alternative treatments, such as dietary changes, use of vitamins, eye exercises, neurofeedback and use of technological devices.

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Fahad Afzal

I am highly skilled, enthusiastic, self-motivated professional writer with a great successful experience